Krishna and Horus

Stories of Krishna and Horus

V. Krishnakumar, A. M. Adhyapak, N. M. Krishnakumar

The story of conflict between Horus and Seth has some similarity with Lord Krishna’s encounter with Narakasura. Following are the points of similarity:

  1. Seth is the son of earth god and sky goddess [1]. Narakasura is the son of earth goddess. The gender of earth god differs, of course.
  2. Horus takes the help of Isis, who is his wife [87] (also his mother) and is the daughter of earth god, in killing Seth [1]; Lord Krishna takes the help of Satyabhama, his wife, who is also the daughter of earth goddess in killing Narakasura.
  3. Seth is considered as god of thunder [1]. Narakasura launched his great weapon, Sataghini, a thunderbolt on Krishna. Incidentally, the name of weapon Sata-ghini also resembles the other name of Seth, Sutekh [87].
  4. Lord Krishna rides on Garuda, the hawk, while he goes to war; Horus is actually depicted as a hawk himself [5].
  5. Satyabhama means ‘ the wife of truth’, Isis is the wife of Osiris, ‘the man of truth’ [1].
  6. Narakasura can mean “the Asura of Naraka”; the word Naraka means the place where a person is punished after death for his/her bad deeds, thus meaning ‘an Asura of Naraka’. There is an Egyptian myth that says that Seth was assigned that task of punishing in the netherworld or stayed in the netherworld [1].

Ashby has compared baby Krishna to baby Horus [4], where Dharma and Maat are compared. Ashby also compares the commonality of killing of uncle by both Horus and Krishna in [4]. Also, a picture of a Pharaoh on a chariot is compared to Krishna on chariot [4].

Note that the other similarities between Horus and Lord Krishna will now support this theory further.

  1. Horus was brought up by a surrogate mother Buto just to avoid him from getting killed by his maternal uncle Seth [1]; similarly, Lord Krishna was brought up by a surrogate mother Yashoda in order to avoid getting killed by his maternal uncle Kamsa. Further, Krishna kills his uncle Kamsa ultimately, on behalf of his father [1]. Horus kills Seth, on behalf of his father.
  2. Horus is looked after by Buto, she was a true protector of him [1]. We can map this story to Putani in a restricted sense; she feeds Krishna with poisonous breast milk with an intention to kill him, however Krishna kills her later. The word Putani is close to Buto: Buto=Puto=Putani. The confusion of Putani myth might have arisen from the fact that Buto is a Cobra goddess and cobra being poisonous.
  3. Horus is equated in ancient Egyptian scriptures and iconography with Bes, see p. 129 in [4]. Bes can be Baasu or Vaasu, keeping in view the absence of vowels in hieroglyphics [24]. Since deva means god, it can thus be Vaasudeva or Baasudeva, which is another name for Lord Krishna.
  4. Krishna kills a demon god in the form of snake called Kalinga. The child Horus holding noxious animals including snakes may be comparable to this, see picture on p.132 in [5].
  5. Horus is depicted with finger in mouth [5] and Ambekal Krishna, a form of Krishna, often found in South India, has his toes in his mouth. However Horus is compared to Rishyashringa and Mouna Vishnu in [4].
  6. Heru may be Hari, another name for Krishna, this comparison is justified keeping in view the absence of vowels in hieroglyphs [24].
  7. Krishna got his name because he was black skinned, Krishna in Sanskrit means black. Horus being the son of Isis who is black, can be black as well; further, he is called Nefer-tem, Nefer means beautiful, tem means death [49], may be viewed as dark; we have shown elsewhere that ‘tem’ is same as ‘Tamas’ which means dark in India.
  8. Horus has the attributes of righteousness, victory and kingship [87]. These are the attributes of Arjuna and Krishna, in particular Vijayee is the name of Arjuna which stands for Victory and Kireeti for Kingship. Note that Lord Krishna and Arjuna are viewed as one: according to the popular phrase “Arjuna, Phalguna, Paartha, Kireeti, Shwetavahana, Bheebhatsu, Vijayee, Krishna, Savyasaachi, Dhananjaya”. We have also discussed Draupadi’s desire for Krishna in an earlier article; even here Krishna and Arjuna can be one and the same, supporting the above claim.
  9. Isis identified with cow, is protected by Horus [5] whom we map to Krishna, thus his name Go-pala may be justified.

10. We showed earlier that Lord Murugan had the qualities of both Horus and Thoth. Lord Krishna has one attribute of Thoth: The place of Thoth is Djedu [5], which resembles Yadu. Also Thoth is a ‘god of Sacred words’ [1]. Lord Krishna is a Yedu prince and his Bhagavat Gita is considered as the most sacred words for Hindus. Thoth is also called Djehuty [5]. We can map him also to Yayati, a Yedu king of India.

Final conclusion:

The story of Narakasura has origins in the Egyptian story of Horus-Seth. Lord Krishna, Satyabhama and Narakasura map to Horus, Isis and Seth respectively.

Bibliography 

[1] J.G. Frazer, The Golden Bough, A study in Magic and Religion, 3rd Edition, Macmillan and Co. London, 1914

[4] Muata Ashby, The African origins of Civilization, Religion, Yoga Mysticism, and Ethics Philosophy, 2nd Edition, ISBN 1-884564-50-X, 2005

[5] Richard H Wilkinson, The Complete gods and goddesses of ancient Egypt, Thames and Hudson, London, 2003

[24] Egyptian Writing Systems and Grammar, Shawn C. Knight, Spring 2009

[49] Wallis Budge, An Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary, Dover Publications, NY, 1978

[87] http://henadology.wordpress.com/theology/netjeru/

 

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One Response to Krishna and Horus

  1. Narasimha says:

    Hi this is good

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