Min, Re, Others

Many more Egyptian Gods and their Indian Counterparts

V. Krishnakumar

1)  Min or Menu 

1)   Min is the most ancient deity of male sexuality [5].

2)   Min was viewed as consort of Isis and father of Horus [5].

3)   During the middle kingdom, Min was associated with Horus as Min-Hor [5].

4)   Min is depicted in ithyphallic form. His erect penis held in left hand while the right arm is raised up which might be protective (see picture on p.115 in [5]).

5)   The emblem of Min is a fossil belemnite or a lightning bolt [5].

6)   The gods major festival was ” the coming forth of Min” which was celebrated at the beginning of the harvest season [5].

7)   Min is often shown in mummy wrappings [87].

8)   Min has two tall plumes on his crown viewed as stems of wheat or barley plants, suggesting fertility of crops [87].

9)   Min is depicted as guardian of temple gates and doors [87]. In fact he represents a door bolt.

10)  Min is the son of Isis [87].

Our Analysis: 

1)   Keeping in view the confusion of vowels amidst consonants in the Egyptian language, it can be Man, that is Min = Man = Manmatha, the god of sexuality in Hindu mythology.

2)   Manamatha was burnt by Shiva, when he disturbed Shiva during his penance, to make him fall in love with Parvathi. Thus, Murugan was born. We can view this story at a gross level as Manmatha assisting Parvathi in the birth of Murugan. Thus Manmatha is an aide of Parvathi being instrumental in the birth of Murugan. We have shown in an earlier article that Horus and Isis map to Muruga and Parvathi respectively, thus the myth looks similar to item 2 above.

3)   Horus is viewed as a youthful god, as is Murugan. Thus, Min-Hor, mentioned in item 3 above, may actually correspond to the youthful depiction of Murugan. Can Min-Hor map to the Hindu name Manohar, meaning ‘a man who steals one’s heart’ meaning beautiful?

4)   The pose of Min described in item 4 is very close to the standard depiction of Murugan in several temples in India: the left hand is a bit moved outwards though closely resembles the picture of Min discussed in item 4 above, while the right hand is less raised but perfectly in the same blessing posture.

5)   The emblem of Manmatha is the rainbow and five arrows made of flowers, hence he is called Pushpabaana (or Hoogeneya, in Kannada) and Panchabaana. Rainbow is closer to the lightning bolt and Pushpabaana to Belemite picture [59], mentioned in item 5. It may be interesting to note that the bronze polyphallic Tintinnabulum of Mercury from Pompeii, in Naples Museum [60] has five phalli, are they the counterpart of the five arrows of Manmatha?

6)   Sankranthi is the Hindu counterpart of this harvest festival. Manmatha is worshipped in spring in India. It is called  ‘Kaamana Habba’ in Karnataka meaning ‘festival of Manmatha’. Note that this matches spring season.

7)   Min shown in mummy wrappings may map to Manmatha being killed by Shiva. In that sense, can we say the festival of ‘coming forth of Min’ may also mean he was not alive, very similar to Manmatha. In this context he resembles Osiris. There are two more points suggesting his resemblance to Osiris.

  1. Shiva revives Manmatha at the request of his wife Rati, Rati is the equivalent of Aphrodite. Note that Isis, the wife of Osiris is Aphrodite, god Thoth revives Osiris at her request [1].
  2. Mahabali, whom we have mapped to Osiris will visit his people once a year on the days of Onam, as we discussed in an earlier article. The ‘coming forth of Min’ festival also means the return of Min.

8)   The plumes of Min can be mapped to sugarcane bow in Manmatha’s hand.

9)   Manmatha is always depicted in the doorframe of sanctum as well as main door of temples, as is Min. See for example Kalyani Chalukya temples of Karnataka, India.

10) Manamtha is the son of Lakshmi, who is similar to Isis.

2)  Montu 

Montu resembles Brahma.

1)   Montu’s consort was the Theban deity Tjenenyet [5]. The word Tjenenyet appears similar to the words

  1. ‘Janayathi’, which means ‘one who creates’ or
  2. ‘Janani’ meaning mother

2)   Of course, here it is not his wife but Lord Brahma himself, who is the creator.

3)   On amulets there were four falcon headed Montus [5]. Brahma has four heads and his mount is a swan.

3)  Babi 

Babi has a mix of three primate gods of Ramayana namely Hanuman, Vali and Sugriva. Following are the points of concern for our discussion regarding Babi:

1)   Babi is a fiercely aggressive baboon god. His power is linked to sexual potency and aggression. He is depicted with heavy mane and a prominent sexual member. He murders humans unhesitatingly [5].

2)   He is used to control inanimate dangers and ward off snakes and other harmful creatures [5].

3)   In the picture on p.196 in [5], baboons are seen worshipping the sun god with Ramesses II.

4)   His phallus is the mast of the underworld ferryboat [5].

Our analysis: 

1)   Item 1 above is similar to Vali.

2)   Items 2 and 3 are the qualities of Hanuman, the latter claim is in view of some of the earlier authors mapping Ramesses to Ram. We do not have evidence at present to show Ramesses and Ram are similar.

3)   Now item 4. Re’s boat goes through the underworld at night. Also Re came to assist Horus in his battle with Seth in his barque. We have compared in an earlier article, this barque of Re with Arjuna’s chariot. Thus, the presence of Babi in the mast of Re’s boat looks similar to the presence of Hanuman, in the flag of Arjuna’s chariot.

4)  Re 

Re as trinity:

The trinity of Re: In Egyptian mythology there are 3 qualities and 3 divine representations for them as follows:

  1. Three qualities: Morning, afternoon and night forms of Re, called as Khefera, Re and Tmu respectively [6].
  2. Three divine representations for the morning, afternoon and night forms of Re: beetle, solar disc and ram headed man [5].

Similarly, we have three qualities and divinities in Hindu tradition:

  1. Three qualities: The cosmos in Vedic tradition is seen as a fabric woven by the gods in warp and woof. Each thread of the cosmic fabric consists of three strands- Sattva, Rajas and Tamas; Sattva is seen ascending and luminous, Rajas twirling and red; while Tamas is descending and dark, [8].
  2. Three divinities: Vishnu, Brahma and Shiva. In Hindu mythology, Sattva belongs to Lord Vishnu, Rajas to Lord Brahma, the creator god and Tamas to Lord Shiva [8].

We will now try to see the similarities:

Sattva maps to Khefera since it is morning and the sun is luminous and ascending, Vishnu is the divinity of Sattva. The beetle that represents Khefera may actually be the variant of the tortoise (Kurma) incarnation of Vishnu.

Rajas maps to Ra since it is afternoon and the sun is red and twirling, Brahma is the divinity of Rajas. The solar disc represents Ra. However the divinities Ra and Brahma do not show any obvious similarity. Aditya and Brahma are separated by three generations (Brahma-Marichi-Kashyapa-Aditya).

Tamas maps to Tmu since it is night and the sun is descending and it is dark. Shiva is the divinity of Tamas. The Ram headed man represents Tmu. The ram headed man maps to Nandi, the mount of Shiva.

Re as Brahma:

1)   Re arose from primeval waters at the beginning of time to create every aspect of the world [5]. Brahma is the Hindu creator god.

2)   The other versions are Re coming into being on a lotus flower rising from the waters in the form of a child [5]. Brahma sits on a lotus and is depicted as the child of Ranganatha.

3)   Re according to a creation myth cuts his own phallus (possibly meaning circumcision) and the two deities Hu (authority) and Sia (mind) are said to have sprung from drops of blood, which fell to the earth [5]. Brahma was shot with an arrow and the injured part of the phallus had to be cut out and from that piece life was created [8]. Brahma’s sons are born from his mind.

Re as Rudra:

1)   Rudra may be split as ‘Rud-Ra’, meaning ‘shout-Sun’. This is because Egyptians call out to the sun every day morning [10].

2)   Ra is captain of soldiers [6]. Shiva is lord of Ganas.

3)   Ra is god of life [6]. Rudra gives and takes away life [8].

Finally it is interesting to note that the Sun god has seven ‘bau’ or seven souls (See p.77 in [5]). In Hinduism Surya, the sun god has seven horses.

5)  Bovine deities: Hap/Apis bull 

1)   In the ritual race of the Sed festival, the Pharaoh runs with the Hap bull. In Dakshina Kannada district in Karnataka, India, there is a poplar sport called Kambala, in which bulls run in slush; the winner is the one who splashes the slush highest.

2)   The Hap bull and Kole-Basava in Karnataka, India, have the following in common:

a) The Hap bull has on its forehead a white inverted triangular blaze, similar decoration is observed on its statues as well. Kole-Basava has a very similar triangular silver decoration on its forehead.

b) Hap bull on its back has a rectangular cloth with a diamond pattern on it. Kole-Basava is also decorated similarly.

c) Hap had hawk or vulture wing marks on his back. In Indian mythology the sacred cow Kamadhenu, is depicted with wings.

d) The headdress of Hap is similar to that of Kole-Basava. The Hap has a Sun disc and a uraeus rising from it’s base. The Kole-Basava often has an idol of Shiva or Durga in between its horns.

e) Hap bull was kept in a special location that is, to the South of the temple of Ptah in Memphis, for people to worship. He also participated in special processions and rituals. Kole-Basava is generally present in the front courtyard of Lord Shiva temples and is taken ceremonially in the temple processions.

f) Hap bull was used in the delivery of oracles and was regarded as one of the most important oracular sources in Egypt. Kole-Basava is also used to deliver oracles in Karnataka, India. Typically, Kole-Basava nods to say ‘yes’ or ‘ no’ for questions asked. Strangely there is a common saying among Kannada speaking people “don’t nod like a Hapa” or “Don’t nod like a Kole-Basava”, when someone just nods (without thought) and does not really answer a question. The word Hapa is really strange. Is it derived from Hap bull?

3) Hap as the Nandi bull, the mount of Lord Shiva

a) Hap is the manifestation of Ptah [5]. Nandi is the mount of Lord Shiva. We have   compared Ptah to Shiva in an earlier article.

b) Hap is a symbol of fertility and virility [5]. Nandi is viewed similarly.

6)  Bovine deities: Bat cow 

Bat is a female cow deity. Bat has a human face and neck with bovine ears and horns. Nandini and Kamadhenu both exactly match the above description. Picture of Astarte in p.139 in [5] resembles Bat, Nandini and Kamadhenu.

7)  Bovine deities: Sky bull 

1)   According to Egyptians, Sky bull is the husband of seven cows, Since Hathors are also represented as seven cows [5], they may be one and the same. Since the Sapthamatrikas who are already mapped to Hathors are the consorts of Lord Shiva, Sky bull may actually represent Lord Shiva.

2)   Sky bull is associated with heavens and afterlife, so is Lord Shiva.

3)   The Egyptian Sky bull is called Bull of the West. Lord Virupaksha, a form of Lord Siva and the god of the Nagas is the guardian of the west.

8)  Bovine deities: Mnevis bull 

Hathor and Iusaas were the consorts of Mnevis bull. Since Iusaas represents the female creative principle similar to Shakti and Hathor is equivalent to Sapthamatrika, Mnevis bull can be the counterpart of Lord Shiva.

9)  Garuda-Naga pair 

Nekhbet as vulture and Wadjet as Cobra were used to represent Upper and Lower Egypt respectively [5]. This maps to Garuda and Naga in Hindu mythology, they represent the children of Vinutha and Kadru, the two wives of Kashyapa.

10)    Geb

Geb [5] resembles Lord Ranganatha:

1)   Both are in a reclining posture turned to their side and supported by their arm, and have green skin. Since Osiris, whom we have mapped to Lord Ranganatha, is the son of Geb, both father and son in Egyptian myths might have evolved into Ranganatha.

2)   Both Osiris and Geb are represented in an ithyphallic form and we have already discussed the transformation of this to Brahma on a lotus arising from the navel of Ranganatha in an earlier article.

11)    Hapy

Hapy resembles Lord Manmatha: Hapy is a fertility god. He was known for his sexual power and copulates with himself [5]. Manmatha, is a fertility god known for his sexual power.

Hapy as Gandaberunda: Hapy is depicted as a double headed goose in the temple of Sethos I in Abydos [5]. There is a similar mythical bird called Gandaberunda with two heads. This bird is found in the temple carvings of Karnataka, see pictures in [150].

12) Pataikos

The name Pataikos may be Panduranga.

1)   Pataikos is a dwarf with a large head [5], and according to the picture on p.123 of [5] looks like he is standing on a brick. He is bowlegged with hands resting on his hips [5]. Panduranga is a dwarf with a large head and his hands resting on his hips; he is standing on a brick (see picture in [143]).

2)   Pataikos resembles Bes in appearance [5]. Also he is a member of a group of similar looking gods who protect [2]. We have discussed the mapping of Bes to Ashta Vasus in an earlier article.


[1] J.G. Frazer, The Golden Bough, A study in Magic and Religion, 3rd Edition, Macmillan and Co. London, 1914

[2] Chandra Chakraberty, The racial History of India, Vijayakrishna Brothers, Calcutta, India

[5] Richard H Wilkinson, The Complete gods and goddesses of ancient Egypt, Thames and Hudson, London, 2003

[6] E.A.Wallis Budge, Egyptian book of the dead, Dover publication, New York, 1895

[8] Stella Kramrisch, Presence of Shiva, MLBD, New Delhi, 1988

[10] http://www.egyptianmyths.net/info.htm

[59] http://www.tonmo.com/science/public/belemnites.php

[60] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tintinnabulum_(Ancient_Rome)

[87] http://henadology.wordpress.com/theology/netjeru/


[150] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gandaberunda


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One Response to Min, Re, Others

  1. Narasimha says:

    I like this

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